Benefits of iodine
Iodine is required for the normal production and functioning of thyroid hormone. Iodine also contributes to energy exchange and the functioning of the neurological system.
Iodine in food and sources
Iodine can be found in iodinated salts, as well as in smoked salmon, cod and cheese. It is also present in various seaweeds, such as algae. In small amounts, iodine is also part of drinking water.
Uses of iodine
Iodine plays an important role in maintaining body temperature, and it is important in protein synthesis, metabolism and blood cell production. Because iodine is closely related to thyroid hormone, it is also an important factor in growth.
In addition, iodine affects muscle and nerve function and is especially important during pregnancy. It is important to make sure that babies and children get enough iodine on a daily basis.
If iodine is not consumed enough, hypothyroidism or hypothyroidism can occur. When iodine depletion persists for a long time, the thyroid cells begin to swell. This in turn can lead to goiter. The first symptom of goiter is a regular change in the shape of the neck.
Should such a deficiency occur in a pregnant woman, it may be dangerous to the fetus. Iodine deficiency can lead to growth retardation and developmental disorders, but also to abortion. A child may be stillborn, mentally or physically underdeveloped, or deafblind.
Iodine side effects and overdose
Iodine overdose can lead to similar symptoms as underdose. Hypothyroidism and goiter may occur. However, overdose may also lead to hyperthyroidism, symptoms of which include sleep disturbances, hyperactivity, muscle weakness, irritability, diarrhea, and heat intolerance.
Where can buy iodine in Estonia?
In Estonia, iodine can be purchased from our e-shop fits.ee. Iodine is also sold in FITS Tallinn stores located at Haabersti 1, Tallinn (E-R 10-20; L: 10-15) and Linnamäe tee 3, Tallinn (E-R 10-20; L: 10-15). The stores are located in shopping malls next to the checkouts.